Belief, myth and reality in creationism and evolution theory

PART IV: Evolution and Emergence of Man

Theory of evolution

– Discussion on the Darwinian vision

Darwinists make a mistake like that of creationists: they introduce a postulated concept in theorizing about the past, which distorts the overall picture according to an ideology. The basic materialist concept assumes that the existing is meaningless. Man must therefore be an accidental and temporary provisional product of a haphazard evolution. The higher logic and laws that govern both the inorganic and organic worlds contradict the lack of meaning, but they ignore this.

Unfortunately, the materialistic thinking patterns seem to be winning, while the reaction of the Christian intelligentsia is too weak, inadequate, and even counterproductive when displaying dubious views. Yet it is quite possible that the predominant model of materialistic evolutionary interpretation will one day serve as a classic example of false theory, as the result of an erroneous basic assumption.

By “evolution” we mean here: the whole process by which the capacities of organic life forms have been improved and/or increased (and not just “changed”, as Darwinism usually proposes). This process has taken place and is still taking place at different levels: on the one hand, the development into individual adult beings from a fertilized germ or egg; and on the other hand, the development at the species level into better structured, more complex, and more intelligent life forms, to which we can assign a higher rank, based on the increase or higher efficiency of their action capabilities. Before elaborating on this further, it is necessary to give a clear answer to some fundamental questions.

Has there been an evolution at the species level? An answer to this can be found in the Grand Canyon, carved by the Colorado River in the US state of Arizona. There we find a part of the “logbook of life”, literally opened. On the steep walls of this ravine, nature has bequeathed to us in fossil language the titles of many chapters of the oldest history of life. We can combine that data with that of steep and deep slopes in other places, to reconstruct the entire course of the evolution of life. Many fossil species do not belong to a current living family, and many are part of larger biological groups or “taxa” that are completely extinct. From top to bottom, the differences with modern life forms are becoming stronger and there is a growing “primitiveness”.

In the lower layers, only invertebrates are found, including mainly trilobites, distant relatives of today’s crabs. Higher up we first find primitive species of fish, which upwards begin to look more and more like modern fish. Even more upwards we find successively amphibians, small reptiles, dinosaur bones or tracks and at the very top the remains of primitive mammals. Where continental deposits replace marine deposits, we see first primitive fern plants, then the fossilized stumps of forerunners of the modern pine trees, and finally seed plants, directly related to the current.

Are all organisms related? Research into the internal composition of cells and their nuclei has shown that all plants and animals have a similar cellular structure, with a nucleus in which there are chromosomes that in turn house the DNA molecules on which genetic information is recorded. This recording is done according to a code that is the same for all these organisms and relatively simple:  it is the combination of three bases of a group of four, which provides 64 possibilities that can be used to create one of the twenty amino acids from which all proteins are made. This great uniformity is not yet proof, but in any case, a very strong indication that all plant and animal life is of the same origin. Amino acids are attached to one another in a certain order. Depending on this, an unimaginable number of protein types can be produced. The totality of proteins working in the cell leads to the distinction between the different organisms, as an expression of information from the cell nucleus. 

The basic principle of life is that it absolutely wants to maintain itself. To this end, it has developed several strategies. One of the main uses the variability in reproduction. Sufficient variation in the characteristics of the offspring increases the likelihood that at least part of each generation can function well and reproduce under the prevailing environmental conditions. The main purpose of all life is first and foremost survival; a derived strategy for this is reproduction, and only in second instance does life, as an accomplished “probability calculator”, grasp the specific strategy of differentiation.

The result of this strategy of life was well recognized by Darwin, but he wrongly made it the fundamental principle of an evolutionary process, formulated as “the survival of the fittest“. This blind and in itself “amoral” principle corresponds to the materialist basic vision. Since then, materialism has discovered a rich source of inspiration there, and it has managed to introduce this principle on a large scale into many hypotheses, doctrines, research projects and even teaching subjects, as a “scientific” dogma explaining everything and anything.  

By attributing to the result of a secondary life strategy a role of too fundamental importance, original Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism were and remained confronted with internal discussions, inexplicable observations, and incongruities. Indeed, Darwin’s principle is NOT the motor of evolution, but it is a factor that has CONTRIBUTED to the ramification of life or, more precisely, the emergence and extinction of subspecies and species.

Evolution, as defined here (see above), is a phenomenon of a higher order, which is intrinsically linked to the fundamental principle of life. The will to survive implies that all living organisms have some degree or form of self-consciousness. To ensure their preservation, communication with the environment and storage of information are essential. Communication means interacting with the environment and allowing the environment to act selectively on itself. This is done at the level of the singular cell by ingesting and releasing chemical substances. The internal processing of the information thus obtained (storage, preparation of reactions, adaptation and sending of a response) is done through incredibly complex biochemical processes, directed internally in an invisible way according to genetically determined guidelines.

Communication has a fertilizing effect on self-consciousness and the greater the self-consciousness, the greater the desire to communicate. However, the expansion of communication can only be done by creating larger complexes of cooperating cells, which can handle more information and which, in turn, will become more extensive or complex. This is how evolution begins and its motor is the logical chain of self-conscious conservation leading to communication and evolution. The most fundamental in this is the principle of conservation, not of the individual or the species, but of earthly life itself.  Ultimately, earthly life arises from a spiritual principle or “commandment” that can only come from an intelligent Creator. This understanding leads us to the more abstract definition of what evolution is: it is the expression of an internal necessity of the principle of life itself, its irrevocable urge for preservation, which results in a dynamic and creative capacity development, accompanied by continuous construction and decomposition, collection, and exchange of information.

The Darwinian “survival of the fittest” plays only a role in this because of a secondary strategy of    life, developed in response to changes in living conditions. The “natural selection” doesn’t work on life in its entirety, but only within a specific species. The environment (consisting of inanimate and animate matter) performs (so to speak) spontaneous (natural) selection, with results partly comparable to those of artificial (human) selection of plants or animals. Within a population with a certain variability, the individuals that reproduce most successfully will best pass on their traits, so that they eventually predominate. In this way, isolated subpopulations can become increasingly different from their relatives in other regions, a mechanism that can lead to the emergence of subspecies and finally species separated by a genetic barrier. That means, they can no longer reproduce with each other. Later, further branches can arise from this. Chromosome research has shown how this works in more detail at the microbiological level. In this way, species are created that are very well adapted to their environment, but there is no reason to believe that they would also have “evolved” – in the sense that we attach to it here (see above). Louis Agassiz (1807 – 1873), Darwin’s great adversary, had already warned against Darwin’s abuse of the word “evolution”.

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